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Adirondak chairs circled around a fire pit

Preparing a Safe Spot for Your Fire Pit

Once you’ve decided to go with a fire pit (or another warm-up-the-outdoors product), you will need to prepare a spot for it. Making a perfect location is partly a matter of aesthetics and convenience but also one of safety. These considerations might even influence your choice of product, so we encourage you to think it through!

Your choice of a spot may be wide open if you have a large property, or you may be confined to a patio or a corner of your yard.

First, Know Your Local Regulations!

Burning regulations vary widely from one area of the country to another, so before you buy any kind of fire pit, do your research! Some municipalities have bans on even very small patio-style burn pits. If you haven’t done so already, find out what rules and regulations you need to abide by.

Clear the Land

Many people enjoy using a fire pit in a relatively remote area—a camping spot or a clearing in the woods away from their home. If you need to clear an area of trees, saplings, brush, or other vegetation you can also look at the task as an opportunity to harvest fuel for your fire pit.

If you are felling trees or removing branches that would otherwise overhang the burn pit area, consider a chainsaw and logging tools to take them down. Depending on the size of the wood you take down, you may need a log splitter or manual splitting tools to split them up with. If you want to store wood near your pit for easy access a wood storage rack will keep it organized and promote good seasoning. If the wood won’t be used up quickly, adding a tarp can protect it from snow and rain.

A man uses an electric chainsaw to saw a tree limb. Branches that extend into your burn pit area should be removed.

For brush and saplings, mowing with a Field and Brush Mower is the quickest method, but you can accomplish the same with battery powered tools or manual tools as well.

A man uses a DR Field & Brish mower to mow sumak saplings Create an opening for a remote fire pit by cutting down all brush, saplings, and other vegetation.

If you have roots and stumps left behind from your land clearing, use a stump grinder to remove them or take them out with root shovels .

A man uses a DR stump grinder to remove a stump from his yard Removing stumps and roots will flatten the burn area and remove flammable material.

Prepare the Ground Surface

Once cleared of vegetation, it’s time to prepare the ground. If you plan to use a free-standing fire pit (which will usually have legs), this might consist of little more than making sure the ground is level and free of flammable material. But it’s never a bad idea to put down a layer of sand or gravel to create a completely non-flammable floor. Most patio surfaces are fine as is.

a fire pit sits on a stone patio A free-standing fire pit can be set down almost anywhere with minimal or no ground preparation.

If you are considering a fire pit for a wood deck (or a composite wood substitute) be careful! A fireproof material needs to be used under the fire pit (a heat shield, or a pad like what you might use under a wood stove). Then, you should make sure the fire pit is positioned a safe distance from any railings. Many people mistakenly assume that composite wood substitutes are non-flammable, but this is rarely true! Do your research on any material before putting a firepit on or near it.

A fire ring requires some excavation for which basic digging tools should do the trick. A ring can either be recessed into the ground (a true “pit”) or built up with rocks or pavers that support the ring. Even with an “elevated pit” we recommend digging at least a few inches down to make a space for ashes to accumulate. You can go rustic or tidy depending on your choice of support materials. Add sand and/or gravel to the bottom of a pit to create a good, safe burning barrier.

a fire ring sits next to a lake, a cast iron pot sitting on a grill rack above it. A fire ring can be sunk in the ground for a rustic campfire style... a fire ring surrounded by stones. Or it can be elevated with pavers or stones for a more finished look

Prepare the Surroundings

Any fire pit location should have a safe surrounding area. How large the area needs to be will vary with the size of the fire your pit will support. For grill-sized fire pits, the amount of room that you will naturally want for seating is sufficient. For bigger fires, the circumference should be expanded, keeping in mind that winds can scatter sparks. The bigger the fire, the greater the risk. Trim back all vegetation with manual tools or battery-powered yard tools. Regardless of what is under or around your firepit (patio, dirt, rock, etc.) you need to make sure there is nothing at all above it. Besides overhanging branches and vegetation that includes patio umbrellas, canopies, or any other object.


With a well-chosen and thoughtfully positioned fire pit you will have a great new hub for family and friends to gather around. Check back with us as we will add more and more outdoor living products to our collection. Or sign up for new product alerts and we will deliver them to your inbox!

Last updated: 7/1/2022

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